Black and White Photography


Paul Roark

Welcome to My Home Page

"First Light"

Photos & Prints by Area

Haskell's Beach, Goleta, CA

GT Workshop at White Mountain

Golden Trout Workshops

Iceland, Oct. 2017

Kansas City, MO -- 2018

Los Angeles -- Walt Disney Concert Hall & Other Favorite Places

Glacier National Park and Swan Valley, Montana

Kauai -- *Color* (mostly) Sunsets and landscapes

Washington, D.C.

Portland, October 2014

Italy, May 2014

Chicago, May 2013

Ansel Adams Wilderness

Yosemite National Park

Santa Ynez Valley Skies and California Central Coast

Paris & Boston, September 2011

Olympic Peninsula

Impressions of NYC is a small collection of some shots I took as a tourist in New York City in July 2010.

Mammoth Lakes and Owens Valley

Old Favorites

Hubble-Monocerotis-Dunes print. As one who has long been fascinated with exploring our universe through optics, it was an honor to meet the founder of the optical company that built the Hubble space telescope; by chance he was a friend of the family. Follow the link to the left for more information.

Index of Other Photos

For the Index and Thumbnails of the other, older photos in my internet gallery click here.

Gallery Los Olivos

I have a permanent display at Gallery Los Olivos, in Los Olivos, California. (You can call Gallery Los Olivos at (805) 688-7517 and have the gallery sitter notify me if you have any questions about my work.) Please feel free to stop by the Gallery any time, but check the web to be sure of our open days. During the covid pandemic, we are open only Thursday thru Monday.

For information on Gallery Los Olivos, click here.

Black & White Print and and Technical Information

For technical information on printing and related subjects, please go to

Over the years, I have worked in several somewhat distinct media, including, of course, traditional darkroom and silver printing, various internegative processes, and in recent years, a variety of inkjet media. With the advent of modern inkjet printers and inks, it became clear that the silver print had become an "alternative" medium. The wet process has simply been eclipsed by the best modern digital approaches. My effort has been to push the envelope in B&W photography, which has taken a back seat to color by the major printer companies. As a former darkroom worker who often mixed his own developers from the raw components (specifically, POTA for Tech Pan film), the B&W inkset development work I did came rather naturally. (A brother who was a PhD chemist in the carbon field didn't hurt.)

At I cover or link to numerous current as well as older inksets and workflows that I have used in the past. MIS Associates ( may still sell some of the older inksets that I developed; all such work by me has been on an open-source, royalty-free basis. I just make and continue to make what I want and have allowed all to use my formulas and profiles as they saw fit. Of particular interest to B&W printers who want the best for the least, the generic dilution base formulas for diluting matte black pigment inks is also linked to this page. These allow creative printers to make their own unique and very cost effective inksets.

My primary wide format printers now have variants of what I call a "Glossy Carbon Variable Tone" inkset in them. This puts 100% carbon pigments, which are by far the most lightfast, in all but one of the ink positions. In one ink position I have a specially formulated "toner" that is light blue. This gives a print tone range from warm (natural carbon) to neutral, while at the same time keeping the job of making profiles rather simple.

The basics of the best B&W printing are simply to keep the carbon content as high as possible for the tone you want, and use the best pigments available. This maximizes longevity and virtually emiminates artifacts such as metamerism.

I generally print on Red River UltraPro Satin paper and coat the prints with Premier Art's Print Shield. I dry mount, the prints on acid free foam core or, for very large prints, have a service bureau mount them on a substrate that is appropriate for the size of the print.

Image Capture -- Cameras & Lenses

Optimizing the image capture phase of my medium has also been a challenge I have enjoyed. Part of what contributes to a slightly different take on the world comes from exploring it with new and different tools.

My current favorite camera is a Sony a7c. While I found that the OEM 28-60mm zoom was OK, I am not a fan of auto focus zooms. Thus, to make the smallest and lightest outfit I am using the Leica Elmar-M collapsible 50mm. Getting the smallest, lightest standard optic, was obviously a compromise. When I need more speed and quality at wide apertures, I'll put the 50mm Apo-Summicron on the camera. But for daylight, outdoor shooting, the older 50mm Tessar does a good job. In those outings where I think a telephoto would be useful, I carry my collapsible 90mm Leica Elmar.

I also have Leica "apo" optics that I use for special occasions. My conclusion is that when Leica puts the "apo" prefix on an optic, nothing else comes close, and even wide open shots are up to professional, gallery display quality. But these are heavier and larger than the collapsibles I carry most often for landscape shooting.

In actual practice, the lens I find I use the most is the old Canon FD mount 35mm Tilt-Shift lens. This is simply because my most frequent trips are to a local beach, where a tilt is very useful. This optic is widely available on the used market for a very reasonable price. If you like the feeling of extreme depth of field, this is a most entertaining optic. Do plan on using a tripod or at least a monopod if tilt is employed; hand holding a tilted optic and keeping everything in focus is difficult. Also, plan on using f/11.

For technical information on lens performance, see the MTF curves/charts at

Purchasing Prints

If you are interested in prints of any images on the web site, please contact me.

In general, B&W prints are available in a number of sizes from 8x10 up to 44" wide (Epson 9800). All are printed with a dedicated B&W, carbon pigment inkset of my own design). I do not sell color prints.

Note on Limited Editions:

In general, all prints are sold on an open edition basis. I have found, as a practical matter, that my sales volume is low enough that limits are usually irrelevant. I have also found that buyers are interested in the images and do not care about the technology or "limited edition" status (which is often misleading nonesense).

All of my prints are made individually, as needed.

Arches prints - "Carbon on Cotton":

I consider my most archival print technology to be carbon pigments on Arches Hot Press (uncoated) watercolor paper. While I like the nature of this medium, I've found the market is simply interested in the image. All of my prints use predominantly carbon pigments that will outlive all of us.

Articles about and Exhibits of My Photography

The January 2010 issue of Rangefinder magazine has an interview with me and some of my photos. To check it out on line, click here.

The October, 2010 issue of "Cowboys & Indians" magazine also has a short article about me. See it here.

The first of my 100% carbon inksets, sold by MIS Associates, is written up in Shutterbug magazine. The article is on line here. My carbon printing information page is here

I use several Red River Paper products and beta test some of their papers. They have a short blurb about my work here.

The December 2013 "Shutterbug" magazine, in the Digital Help column regarding inks suggested, "visiting a black-and-white expert's website,"

In June 2018 I was featured on the Red River webpage/blog. The article can be see here.

From mid-Februry to mid-April 2019 a broad cross-section of my work was featured at the Elverhoj Museum in Solvang, California. Click here for a copy of the postcard relating to the exhibit. For a copy of the review of the Elverhoj show by the SB Newspress, click here.

And there is always an exhibit of my work at Gallery Los Olivos (see above).

Elverhoj Museum Photo Restoration Project

As part of Solvang California's centennial celebration, the Elverhoj Museum in Solvang displayed numerous historic images that have been contributed by local residents, and digitally restored and printed by me. While the gallery show at the Elverhoj is no longer up, some of the images remain in the permanent displays at the Elverhoj Museum. Additionally, Montecito Bank and Trust at Alamo Pintado and Highway 246 has a good display of some of my favorites. These are 100% carbon prints. For information about the Elverhoj museum and for a book of the old photos, click here. For a PDF that briefly explains some of the procedures I used to restore the old photos, click here.


If you have any comments or questions, or are interested in copies of any of my images, please do not hesitate to contact me at

Thank you for visiting my humble website.

Paul Roark
Solvang, CA, USA

All Photographs -- Copyright 1980-2021 Paul Roark -- All Rights Reserved